Before Hainan province established, Hainan Island was still dominated by Guangdong Province. In April 1949 the Hainan special administrative region senior official government office was established, for vice-provincial level government. After May 1st, 1950 Hainan administration government office was created, still subordinated to Guangdong Province. In April 1988 Hainan provincial people's government was established with Haikou as its capital. The Hainan special economic zone was established at the same time.
Hainan Island Location & Topography
Different from other provinces, Hainan Island is the largest ocean island and the smallest land province in China. Although scenery in Hainan island lacks the grandness of the Great Wall and the mystery of the Terror-Cotta Warriors, its natural beauty has gained a good reputation among the visitors and has been widely known around the world. People call Hainan Island "the Oriental Hawaii".
Hainan Island is located at south end of China. Hainan Island occupies an area of 35,000 square kilometers (13,510 square miles). Separated from Leizhou Peninsula by Qiongzhou strait, its administrative regions are Hainan Island, Xisha archipelago, Zhongsha archipelago and Nansha archipelago. Its neighboring countries are Philippines towards the east, Malaysia and Brunei towards the south, Indonesia towards the southwest, and Vietnam towards the west. The surrounding sea area totals 2,000,000 square kilometers (772,000 square miles), the total coastline is about 1,529 km.
In Hainan, Haikou city and Sanya city are most important Hainan travel destination where most tourists congregate. The capital of Hainan is Haikou City. Located in northern part of the island, it is the political, economic, cultural and transportation center of the whole province. Besides its natural resources, Haikou has a number of important sites of historical interest. The Wugong Temple (The Five Official's Temple), the Tomb of Hai Rui and the Xiuying Emplacement each serve as reminders of the historical importance of Hainan travel.
Sanya, a must see city of Hainan travel is famous for its tropical beaches. Most of famous Hainan travel spots are in Sanya and its surrounding, Yalong Bay, Sanya Bay, Tianya Haijiao and Dadonghai are well known beaches, and there are some unknown beautiful bay lying along the east coast of the Island.
Wuzhishan, Wenchang, Qionghai, Wanning, Dongfang are also the main city of Hainan travel.
The Hainan Island weather character is tropical monsoon climate and the tropical oceanic climate, it has warm weather all year around.
Hainan Island weather °™°™Temperature. Hainan temperature is not too high in the summer, not too cold in the winter. Hainan temperature isotherm arc down to the south, it increases by degrees from middle mountainous area to the seashore. Most of area on Hainan Island has yearly average temperature in between 22.5-25.6°„C, the highest average temperature falls in July-August at 25-29°ś and the lowest average temperature falls in January-February at 16-24°ś. In the middle mountainous area the temperature is a little lower than 23°„C, while the south and west a little higher than 25°„C.
Hainan Island weather °™°™ Extreme temperature. Extreme high temperature in north area approximately 39°„C, middle area approximately 37-39°„C, west and southern seashore are lower than 36°„C, currently, Hainan extreme high temperature falls on May, June or July. Hainan Island extreme low temperatures mainly happen on Jan. sometime on Feb. or Dec. Yearly average extreme low temperature, middle mountainous area lower than 5°„C, most area are 6-8°„C, south seashore area a little over 10°„C.
Hainan Island weather °™°™ Rainfall. With an annual rainfall of 1279mm in a year, Hainan weather characterized with dry and rainy seasons indistinct, winter & spring are dry season, and the rainy seasons are from May to October with quite some of tropical storms, cyclone and typhoon.
Hainan Island weather °™°™ Sunshine. The duration of sunshine is 2563 hours, except some of the a mountainous area has approximately 1750 hours yearly sunlight because of the cloudy weather, most of the place of Hainan Island has a yearly sunlight hours over 2000, the west and south area sunlight even extending to 2400-2600 hours. The longest sunlight comes on July of the summer, and the shortest sunlight comes on February of winter.
Hainan Island Transportation
Haikou Meilan Airport, Sanya Phoenix Airport, railway station, ship and expressway links cities of China and the whole world, the tridimensional transportation net makes Hainan travel an easy way.
Haikou Meilan Airport has opened the airlines to Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, Thailand, Singapore, Malaysia, and Burma as well as to the capitals of the important provinces and cities of China, and has been listed as one of the eight large aerial ports of China. Meanwhile, Sanya Fenghuang Airport has opened the airlines to Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand, Seoul, Osaka, Tokyo, Siberia, Macao, Hong Kong, Taiwan, totally 10 international airlines and to 23 cities of China. The two airports have opened totally more than 70 domestic and international air routes.
Middle, east and west-line, the three arterial expressways from Haikou to Sanya as well as the railway going through from both the east cost and west cost from north to south complete the land traffic skeleton of the whole island.
Hainan Island Population and Ethnic Minority Groups
Hainan Island is a multinational region, more than 7 million people live in Hainan, There are more than 1,2million people are Li, Miao, Hui and other ethnic minorities, the ethnic villages of Li and Miao are very typical, various ethnic minorities still retain their unvarnished customs and living habits. It makes Hainan Island's social style and features more and more wonderful and mysterious. The hospitable villagers will treat you to traditional food as well as wonderful singing and dancing performances. So the Li and Miao Villages are well worth a visit in Hainan Island. Nowadays, Hainan cuisine is very popular, especially the fresh and delicious seafood. Furthermore, Hainan is famous for their beautiful handicrafts, like shell and coconut carvings.
Hainan Island Nature Resource
Hainan Island is the tropical crop base of China. The output of rubber accounts for more than 60% of our country. In addition, also have the sisal, coffee, coconut tree, pineapple and other tropical crops. The tropical rain forest is rich in the precious lumber, medicinal plants and precious birds. The forest covers 51.5% of Hainan Island. At present, there are five tropical primeval forest areas in Hainan Island: Wuzhishan Forest Area,Bawangling forest Area, Jianfengling Forest Area, Diaoluoshan Forest Area and Limushan.
Hainan Island Travel Environment
Hainan Island is an ideal place for you to be away from the cold winter, the best time for Hainan travel is between November and March the next year. For the people who are fond of swimming, Hainan Island is an excellent swimming and bathing place all the year around. No matter long or short, a Hainan travel will simply take you far away from the crowded cities, Hainan travel is your best choice for relaxation and entertainment.
Hainan Island lies between the tropical and subtropics with rich natural resources as well as natural landscape of tropical island, natural flavor, geothermal hot spring, cultural relics and rare animals and plants. According to the preliminary investigation, the available tourist resources of Hainan Island are of 241 spots of 11 kinds totally. All the domestic and foreign exports and tourists are enchanted by the blue sky, white clouds, bright sunshine, long coastline and many bays, white sandy beaches, coconut scenery and charming sea of Hainan Island.
No only as a travel destination, due to the mild climate and favorable environment, Hainan Island is also regarded as a long life island. The young often travel to Hainan seeking a return to nature and the old would rather live there to enjoy their lives than just taking a short Hainan holiday.